It is reported that Prophet Sheeth AS* was born a few years after the death of Habil (Abel). During that period Prophet Adam AS had experienced great sorrow. His son, Qabil (Cain) had succumbed to Satan’s temptation and killed his brother Habil. Qabil left following this, moving far away with his family to live elsewhere.
Allah SWT* told Adam AS that he would have a son, and when the child was born, he was named Sheeth, or “Gift.” It is said that Sheeth resembled his father greatly. Adam AS taught Sheeth the times of the day and night along with their required acts of worship. After Adam’s AS death, Sheeth succeeded him, ruling in accordance with God’s law. He taught the worship of God alone, and warned of Satan’s promise to lead mankind astray, as had occurred with Adam AS, and Qabil.
After Sheeth’s death, he was succeeded by his son Anoush, who was then succeeded by his son, Qinan. Qinan’s son, Mahlabeel was his successor. After his death, Mahlabeel's son, Yard took over his responsibilities, and upon his death, passed them to his son, Khonokh. Most scholars agree he is also known as Prophet Idris (Enoch) (peace be upon him).
Prophet Sheeth AS is not actually mentioned in the Quran. He is mentioned in a hadith (narration) by the Prophet Mohammed (peace be upon him).
Abu Darr narrated in Sahih al Bukhari that the Prophet Mohammed (peace be upon him) said, "Allah SWT sent down 104 psalms (portions of scripture), of which 50 were sent to Sheeth AS." Prophet Seeth AS was therefore both a Prophet and a Messenger.
Did you know?
There is a difference between a Messenger (Rasul) and a Prophet (Nabi). All Messengers were Prophets, but not all Prophets were Messengers.
Messengers received revelation from Allah SWT, i.e, a new message, law, or changes in previous scripture sent down. Prophets didn’t receive new scripture, but were sent to convey a previous message. For instance Prophet Musa AS was sent the Torah and is a Messenger, as was Prophet Mohamed SAW who was sent the Quran.
- AS is an abbreviation of the Arabic honorific phrase alayhi salam, which translates to "peace be upon him".
- SWT is an abbreviation of the Arabic honorific phrase, Subhanahu wa ta'ala, which means, "May He be glorified and exalted".
- RA is an abbreviation of the Arabic honorific phrase, radiAllahu anhu, which means, "May Allah be pleased with him" and are used when referring to the companions of the Prophet Mohammed PBUH.