The blessed month of Ramadan is the 9th month of the Islamic calendar. The word ‘Ramadan’ comes from the Arabic root word Ramadha, meaning “intense heat”, referring to sins being incinerated during Ramadan.
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Fasting was made obligatory for Muslims in the 2nd year of Hijra, and occurred in three stages. Initially, it was mandatory for Muslims to fast on the day of Ashura (which fell on the 10th day of Muharram). In the second stage, there was an option of fasting during the month or feeding a poor person for each day not fasted, with fasting preferred over feeding. In the third stage, fasting in Ramadan became obligatory.
Historical events of significance during this holy month include:
• The Holy Quran was first revealed to the Prophet Mohamed SAW in this holy month through the Angel Jibril.
• The Battle of Badr was fought and won in Ramadan during the second year of Hijra (2 AH), when Muslims were first obligated to fast. This was the first large-scale battle in Islamic history, and the Muslims defeated a Meccan army three times larger in size.
• Hassan RA, the beloved grandson of the Prophet SAW, was born during the month of Ramadan in 3 AH.
• Khadija RA, the beloved wife of the Prophet SAW with whom he had shared a happy life for twenty-five years, passed away in the 10th year of prophethood, on the 10th of Ramadan.
May Allah aid us to make the most of the blessed month, give us the best connection to the Qur’an and allow us to reflect upon it, grant ease to those suffering anywhere in the world, and pardon us our shortcomings, O Most Generous.
- SWT is an abbreviation of the Arabic honorific phrase, Subhanahu wa ta'ala, which means, "May He be glorified and exalted".
- RA is an abbreviation of the Arabic honorific phrase, radiAllahu anhu, which means, "May Allah be pleased with him" and are used when referring to the companions of the Prophet Mohammed PBUH.